If you’re just beginning with Photoshop, make sure you download and try the free trial version of Photoshop before purchasing the premium version.
Knowing your way around Photoshop
In addition to the usual tools, Photoshop gives you extra tools, such as transformations (which allow you to rearrange objects in a photo or illustration), effects (enabling you to add special effects to your images), 3D (enabling you to create a three-dimensional, sometimes cartoonish look to an image), and retouching (enabling you to retouch, or make corrections to, an image). You may use the 3D effect a lot, but it’s a common misconception that Photoshop is a good choice for 3D images.
Image editing works in a series of layers, like the sandwich-like structure of the human body. For example, when you delete or hide a layer, all of the objects on that layer move down into the next layer, creating a visual representation of the body’s layers. This structure enables you to selectively modify one object without affecting the others.
Photoshop’s layer system is powerful and relatively simple to use. You can load up any number of layers and even merge (or combine) a variety of layers to create more complex images. There are three main types of layers:
Objects (as discussed in Chapter 12)
Paths (described in Chapter 6)
Adjustments (discussed later in this chapter)
A fourth type of layer — user defined — is available in the latest versions of Photoshop. These layers have no unique function and can be used anywhere in the software. If you want to find out more about these layers, you can download and experiment with a free trial version of Photoshop.
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In Photoshop, you use the layer system and sometimes the slice system to create a number of layers that you can treat differently. A layer is simply a group of information that you manipulate together as a single unit. Figure 18-1 shows an example of a completed image that uses layers.
**Figure 18-1:** Layers help you manipulate your work in a more organized way.
Photoshop’s layer system was designed to be as powerful as possible but as simple to use as possible. Layers are organized in logical groups (called stacks) that you can view and manage, as well as hide or rearrange. You can show or hide any layer in any stack, and each stack is
So if you want to become one of the best Photoshop Elements art professionals, you’ll need to be really competent in the program and become very familiar with some of the more advanced features.
Learning Photoshop Elements: What you need to know
Familiarity with Photoshop is still pretty much the most important skill to learn if you’re going to get a professional result from Photoshop Elements. If you don’t understand how to use a program to create great photos and graphics, even if you’re the best photographer in the world, you’re going to struggle to use Photoshop Elements to it’s full potential.
The good news is that even if you’re familiar with Photoshop, learning how to use Photoshop Elements will benefit your experience with it and if you have to switch to the full-scale version later on, you’ll be able to quickly pick up the version you were using and any custom adjustments you’d made.
You should also read up on Photoshop Elements – the software can be an intimidating program, especially for beginners.
There are many ways that you can get Photoshop Elements to work for you. Photoshop Elements is easy to use, and once you understand how to use the software you’ll find it’s much quicker to learn and much more efficient for editing photos and making graphics.
But on a day to day basis, Photoshop Elements is a very simple program. It consists of the following:
A variety of tools for editing or creating new images
Adjustments for fixing images or video
A wide variety of effects, filters and easy ways to add photos and designs to photos
If you want to be able to work easily and get the most out of this software, then I’d suggest that you focus on just the basics.
Please note that this article is designed for beginners. It focuses on the basic tools and edits for when you’re starting to get the hang of the program.
Adobe Photoshop Elements User Interface
The user interface of Photoshop Elements is similar to Photoshop, and it consists of the following:
The Layers Panel.
All the tools that you can use to edit images.
Image Preview and View
The Expert Panel
Arts and Crafts Menu
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Climate Season Summary
The most recent climate summary for this region was collected in 2013.
You can read this
The successful outcome of ex vivo subretinal reattachment of macular retinotomy in detached macula.
To report a case of successful macular reattachment of spontaneous or traumatic detached macula with subsequent improvement in visual acuity following surgery. Retrospective case report. A 19-year-old woman, 4 weeks after blunt trauma, presented with loss of vision in the right eye. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/100. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy revealed a raised and tortuous tear extending from the inferior temporal edge of the macula to the retina and a detached macula. Fluorescein angiography revealed a leaking point along the inferotemporal vascular arcades. Ex vivo subretinal reattachment using a modified outer segment-tearing “knife” was performed. Ten days postoperatively, exogenous surfactant was applied to prevent retinal reopening and reduce the risk of epiretinal membrane formation. Best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/25 at the end of follow-up (13 months). No significant complications occurred after the procedure. This case suggests that ex vivo subretinal reattachment using a modified outer segment-tearing “knife” in a patient with traumatic macular detachment is a safe and effective surgical option.1. Technical Field
The invention is related to the field of handheld computers and, in particular, to a method and apparatus for providing a user interface for a handheld computer that is intuitive to use.
2. Description of Related Art
Handheld computers are becoming more popular, and this popularity has led to a corresponding evolution of the user interfaces for these devices. Early handheld devices included limited keyboards and digit entry type mechanisms. In more recent handheld computers, however, touch sensitive screens have been used as an input mechanism.
While the evolution of hand held devices has lead to increased device functionality and input capabilities, it has also created an added challenge. The handheld computers are primarily used by professionals and as such, require easily recognizable icons and controls. Current methods of using handheld computers, however, are difficult to use when the user is in unfamiliar territory. For example, the keyboard input method requires the user to memorize and quickly access a significant number of keys on the keyboard in order to send a message. This method is confusing for the user when messages are frequent and the user does not want to spend time memorizing the alphabet.
Another drawback of the keyboard entry method is the difficulty of
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